What diseases are prevalent in men?
Taking into consideration whether the patient is a male or female means improving diagnoses and treatments and, consequently, the health and well-being of the individual. In this sense, it is important to know which diseases men, in this case, tend to suffer, according to biological and genetic factors and the risks they carry, considerations that can contribute to preventing these diseases.
It has been statistically documented, according to the National Academy of Medicine, that men live 5 to 6 years less than women on average. Since birth, males are more vulnerable than females, bearing in mind that 7.7 die at birth versus 5.8 per 1000 infants.
In cases of relatively early death, before age 65, men die 5 times more often than women from bronchopulmonary cancer and, at 4 times more often from myocardial infarction, this means that men have more diseases that cause their death at an earlier age.
Why does this happen?
In this regard, researcher Petra Kolip, of the Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, considers the existence of genetic-biological differences which cause diseases with prevalence in men.
This, given that man has the existence of a chromosome (X) in his inheritance (XY), which predisposes him to a greater susceptibility to certain diseases, such as those inherited recessively from the X chromosome, for example hemophilia.
Hemophilia, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), occurs in 1 out of 5000 male babies, and is one of the most prevalent diseases in men.
This disease is characterized by a deficiency in blood clotting, and the responsible gene is located on the X chromosome. By inheriting only one copy of this chromosome, if it contains the mutated gene, men develop the disease. Women have a second copy of the gene, usually normal on their other X chromosome, so they can be carriers of the disease without suffering its symptoms.
In this sense, the best way to treat hemophilia is by replacing the missing clotting factor, so that blood can clot properly.
On the other hand, prostate cancer is a clear example of diseases that, in addition to being prevalent in men, is one of the leading causes of death. It is estimated that one in eight men is diagnosed with prostate cancer over the course of their lives, according to the American Cancer Society. In addition, this cancer is the second leading cause of death in men in the United States, after lung cancer.
And although there is no proven way to prevent prostate cancer, certain diet and physical activity related measures that could reduce its risk can be taken.
Orchitis is another disease prevalent in men, causing inflammation of one or both testicles. It can occur because of infections by bacteria or viruses. The most common cause is a bacterial infection, such as a sexually transmitted infection (STD).
This disease causes pain and can affect fertility. Medicines can treat the causes of bacterial orchitis and can relieve some signs and symptoms of viral orchitis.
Therefore, it is important to recognize the symptoms, and in case of pain or swelling in the scrotum is detected, especially if the pain occurs suddenly, to check with the doctor.
Fragile X syndrome
This is an inherited disorder linked to the X chromosome, which mainly affects men and mainly causes intellectual disability.
Prevalence in men occurs, since it is estimated that this syndrome is carried by 1 of every 800 men and by 1 of every 238 women, affecting 1 of every 4000 men and 1 of every 6000 women, causing intellectual disability in 95% of affected men and 40% of affected women.
In relation to treatment, although it is complex and requires multiple professionals, efforts are currently being made from the industry, carrying out several clinical trials with different drugs such as antioxidants, to help treat this disorder, since no cure has been developed.
These are just a few examples of diseases prevalent in men and are a sign of the importance of considering gender-specific biological and genetic aspects, improving diagnoses and treatments, and also promoting the health and well-being of people. In addition, taking genetic and biological risks into account, promotes the prevention and care of potential diseases.