Timely diagnosis and healthy living: Two ways to fight prostate cancer
Talking about prostate cancer is talking about one of the most common diseases among men over forty years of age, and although science advances every day towards finding a treatment that can cure this type of cancer, there are certain risk factors for developing it.
The prostate gland is under the bladder, and its main function is to produce seminal fluid, the fluid that carries sperm.
Prostate cancer is caused when there are changes in the DNA, and an uncontrolled growth of cells in that part of the body is triggered, and although it is known that these transformations can be inherited, these can also develop throughout life.
Although research on this condition and its origin does not stop, science has been able to identify some risk factors that increase the likelihood of DNA modification and thus the develop this type of cancer; some of these factors are:
* Older age: The risk of prostate cancer increases over the years, as most cases have been reported in men over the age of 50.
* Race: African American men have the highest incidence of the disease. According to the Urology Health Foundation, one in six African American men will develop prostate cancer. However, the reasons are unclear, may be due to socio-economic, environmental, nutritional, or other factors.
* Family history: As mentioned above, the hereditary factor is of vital care. If a blood relative was diagnosed with prostate cancer, the risk increases. In addition, if there is family history of genes that increases the risk of developing breast cancer (BRCA1 or BRCA2), or a major family history of breast cancer, the risk of developing prostate cancer may be higher.
* Obesity: obese men are more likely to develop different diseases, including prostate cancer, and even the progression of a more aggressive cancer, with recurrence after initial treatment has been started.
* Lifestyle: Some research has shown that smoking, drinking alcohol frequently, and preferring saturated fats, and refined sugar instead of fruits and vegetables could weaken the body and thus lead to this and other diseases.
Types of prostate cancer
Although the most common cancer is the one that develops in glandular cells (or those that make prostate fluid), there are other types of cancer that can affect the prostate:
* Small cell carcinomas.
* Neuroendocrine tumors (apart from small cell carcinomas).
* Transitional cell carcinomas.
The latter are rare, and although most evolve slowly, there are some accelerated growths. That is why it is recommended that men over forty years have an annual test to check prostate health.
It is important to note that this list may vary according to the conditions of each organism, but in general, science studies have concluded that the following are warning signs:
* Problems or pain when urinating; difficulty on starting or stopping flow.
* Lower back pain.
* Pain when ejaculating.
Can prostate cancer be prevented?
There is no formula to prevent prostate cancer; however, science has concluded that doing more healthy things for the heart will keep a healthy organism and prostate, including exercising, having a proper weight, not smoking, preferring fruits and vegetables, and going frequently to the doctor for routine checkups.