How to prevent diseases related to poor nutrition?
Diseases related to poor diet, such as being overweight, obesity and diabetes, are increasing significantly. World Health Organization estimates that around 45% of deaths of children under 5 years of age are related to malnutrition, which, for the most part, are registered in low- and middle-income countries. At the same time, rates of childhood overweight and obesity are increasing in these countries.
For this reason, it is important to identify and treat the factors related to poor nutrition, as well as to recognize the habits that promote a healthy life and prevent the development of diseases.
What does poor nutrition mean?
Poor nutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses, and imbalances in a person’s caloric and nutrient intake. It covers three groups of conditions:
* Malnutrition: includes wasting (insufficient weight for height), stunting (insufficient height for age) and underweight (insufficient weight for age).
* Micronutrient-related malnutrition: includes a deficiency or excess of micronutrients (important vitamins or minerals).
* Overweight, obesity and non-communicable diseases related to diet: heart disease, diabetes, some cancers, among others.
To prevent these diseases, it is essential to implement habits that promote healthy food intake, physical activity and other practices that promote a healthy lifestyle.
A balanced diet begins when you choose your food. It is important to avoid consuming excess salt, sugar and certain fats (trans and saturated), and to increase the intake of fruits, vegetables and fiber. Furthermore, it is necessary to avoid a sedentary lifestyle to reduce the risk of chronic diseases related to dietary factors.
Eliminate junk food from your diet
These types of foods are rich in calories and can contain large amounts of salts, sugars, fats and chemical preservatives, which are harmful to health.
By drinking water throughout the day, the body stays hydrated and can purify itself of the toxins accumulated by a poor diet. It is important to consume water, avoid resorting to carbonated drinks, pasteurized juices or packaged tea, which contain high amounts of sugar.
Exercise and engage in physical activity
It is advisable to maintain an adequate level of exercise and physical activity. Thanks to this, energy is spent that would otherwise accumulate in the body in the form of fat. Thus, it is necessary to carry out regular physical activity (60 minutes a day for young people and 150 minutes a week for adults).
Some Malnutrition Diseases You Can Avoid:
Obesity and overweight
Obesity and overweight are two of the most worrisome food-related diseases due to their high incidence. According to the World Health Organization, they have reached epidemic proportions worldwide and, each year, cause the death of at least 2.8 million people in the world.
Diabetes is a pathology that occurs when blood sugar or glucose levels are above normal. If this happens, treatment is necessary to prevent this condition from causing injury to various organs of the body or leading to cardiovascular diseases.
High blood pressure is a chronic pathology in which the blood vessels have a persistently high tension, which can damage them. The higher the tension, the more effort the heart has to exert to pump.
This disease causes bones to become weak and brittle, to such an extent that a fall or even slight strain, such as bending over or coughing, can cause a fracture.
A recent study carried out by the Carlos III Health Institute and the GEICAM group have related the development of breast Cancer with high calorie diets and calorie restriction as a protective factor.
Take care of your nutrition!
Combating all forms of malnutrition is one of the biggest health problems on a global scale, all the countries of the world are affected by one or more forms of malnutrition. Women, infants, children, and adolescents are particularly exposed to this condition.
Eating a balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle is positive in the short and long term, as it can help prevent the development of certain diseases.
Therefore, it is necessary to implement behaviors that promote a healthy lifestyle. The sooner negative eating habits are modified, and new behaviors are incorporated, the greater the chances of having a healthy life and avoiding diseases that in many cases are irreversible.
Diseases related to eating, how to prevent them?
Obesity in the world
Overfeeding, caloric restriction, and risk of breast cancer by disease subtype: the EPIGEICAM study
Malnutrition: Data and figures