3 facts on Human Papilloma Virus in Men
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a disease that is associated with women. However, the latest research reveals data that needs to be communicated, as the look is turned to men as the main silent carriers of HPV, a virus that causes 90% of cervical cancer cases, according to data from the UK National Health Service (NHS).
Since the 90’s decade, several studies have shown the urgency of understanding this disease from the industry, to develop effective treatments and disseminate self-care practices to reduce its spread, as recent figures from the National Institute of Cancerology in Bogotá (Colombia) show, this is an issue on the public health agenda of all Latin American countries.
Nonetheless, it is not unique to this region. For example, in the United States, JAMA Oncology specialized journal conducted a study in which nearly half of two thousand participating men had HPV. So why do women become the most affected by this disease?
4 data will be listed below to understand this disease when it occurs in men.
1. It is a silent virus with serious consequences
HPV is a sexually transmitted disease, however in most infected men it does not have any symptoms, in some cases the virus disappears on its own, but in others it remains for a long time, so the spread is accelerated, generating multiple complications in the health of those who suffer it; some of the external symptoms, include warts in the genital area or various manifestations of cancer:
* On the cervix
* On the penis
* On the vulva
* On the vagina
* And some types of head and neck cancer are also associated with this virus.
2. Healthy behaviors as a primary prevention measure
Although much has been said about risk factors when reviewing acceleration in HPV transmission, some recommendations from health agencies to reduce infections have also been identified. These include:
* Condom use.
When it comes to sexually transmitted diseases, the condom appears to be the main ally for reducing infections. However, it has also been said that this barrier does not cover certain areas of the skin that are usually ducts for infection, even without visible signs such as warts; including oral sex practices. It is therefore essential to lead a responsible sex life, where the number of couples is reduced, and open dialogue is maintained, and condom use is a permanent practice.
* To strengthen immune systems.
Having a strong immune system is vital to avoid developing this and other diseases. And while a healthy lifestyle can strengthen the defenses of each organism, there are other conditions that must be considered when seeking medical treatment, such as HIV or after receiving an organ transplant.
* Be informed frequently.
Although there are effective treatments, such as vaccines, it is still popular to believe that it is a virus that only affects women; and even if there is no test to confirm whether men are or are not carriers of this disease, only by having a healthy life in every sense, a decrease in the growth of numbers in relation to this virus can be seen. It is also needed to visit the doctor when there are signs of alarm in both men and women, such as signs of cancer in some area of the body or warts.
3. There are different strains for HPV
According to the World Health Organization, there are several types of human papilloma virus that can be classified into two groups:
* The “low risk” strains are those responsible for generating anogenital warts.
* Those with “high risk”: Responsible for dysplasia and cancer on the cervix, anus, penis, and vulva.
As stated above, although HPV mainly affects women, men should also be vigilant about this disease and participate in vaccination days to prevent the development and spread of this virus.